090 - Forest Dugout
My project of a forest hut is based on a dugout. I based my decision on four principles:
The major part of the exterior intermingles with the landscape: the roof is made of soil and wood rasping mixed with clay for hydroisolation.
Simila Similarly to a typical dugout, I designed the hut made of only eco-friendly and natural materials.
3. Cost efficiency
While building a dugout soil can be used to in construction of roofing, as well as wood that can be easily found locally.
4. Ergonomics and functionality
The focus is on functionality and ergonomics - I considered all the characteristics of a typical human needs for space. The dugout is designed for two persons and consists of three zones:
- Entry zone: an entry zone and a corridor
- Work space: two chairs, two tables and a brick-made chimney. Each table has a window next to it, and the chimney is located in between: tenants can either work separately or sit by the chimney together. 900mm space between the zones guarantees easy passage.
- Sleeping zone: comprised o of two cabins. Each cabin has a bed on a podium (equipped with storage space) with an entresole. Within the cabins one of the walls has a shelf for personal belongings and books. There is also a small window between the cabins for communication. There are windows in the roof with blinds. The entrance to the dugout can be closed from the inside with a zip.
- Digging out a ditch (drainage system to be in place in case of ground water)
- the basement is covered with clay
- the basement is built up using the logs with insulation
- pillars are installed on the logs
- pieces of wood are fitted on the pillars to form a roof
- the walls are filled with insulation - wood rasping mixed with clay
- from the outside the walls are supported with clay and soil.
The central pillars are fitted with a gable, while additional logs are placed along the horizontal axes. Joist is fitted and covered with needle branches, soil and needle joints with clay for better insulation.
Exterior: skeleton is covered with decorative pieces of wood; corners are also covered with wood. Roof is also covered with wood.
Interior: Logs are covered with wood and also fitted with insulation. Walls are covered with wood chip paper. Ceiling is also covered with wood.
A separate basement is built for the chimney. The chimney is covered with bricks and clay.
Ventilation is achieved by aerators built in the ceiling.
Solar energy accumulation system is optional (solar batteries on the room + inverter in the working
zone). Pointed lights can be installed in this case.
The main benefit of such a dugout is its simplicity and low cost of construction; it is eco-friendly
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
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